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    How does orofacial trauma in children affect the developing dentition? Long‐term treatment and associated complications.
    (Wiley, 2019-12) Flórez, Marie Therese; Onetto, Juan Eduardo;
    Each year, millions of children are injured and live with the consequences of those in‐juries. Through infancy and childhood, orofacial trauma caused by falls or being struck by or against objects occurs in children. The long‐term implications on the develop‐ing permanent teeth are little known, even when the oral region is the second most frequently injured body area in children under 6 years of age. During this period, the developing permanent teeth may be directly involved after trauma, causing mild to severe hypoplasia, displacement, damage to the tooth germ, or an extended range of morphofunctional disturbances. In some cases, the effects of oral and dental injuries caused by trauma appear later with the eruption of the permanent incisors when ec‐topic eruption, malalignments, and other developmental disturbances become visible. Therefore, long‐term follow up of the patient in order to diagnose and treat associ‐ated complications becomes essential. Critical points for facing the consequences of orofacial trauma on the developing dentition are to recognize the impact of orofacial trauma in young children and the dentist's role in providing anticipatory guidance to parents and health care professionals, differentiate between mild and severe distur‐bances affecting the developing permanent teeth after oral injuries in early childhood, recognize the importance of follow‐up controls, and recognize the importance of early referral to a pediatric dentist and orthodontist for diagnosis and treatment planning