Dynamin Superfamily at Pre- and Postsynapses: Master Regulators of Synaptic Transmission and Plasticity in Health and Disease

Fecha

2022

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Sage

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item.page.issne

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Centro Interdisciplinario de Neurociencia de Valparaiso

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Resumen

Dynamin superfamily proteins (DSPs) comprise a large group of GTP-ases that orchestrate membrane fusion and fission, and cytoskeleton remodeling in different cell-types. At the central nervous system, they regulate synaptic vesicle recycling and signaling-receptor turnover, allowing the maintenance of synaptic transmission. In the presynapses, these GTP-ases control the recycling of synaptic vesicles influencing the size of the ready-releasable pool and the release of neurotransmitters from nerve terminals, whereas in the postsynapses, they are involved in AMPA-receptor trafficking to and from postsynaptic densities, supporting excitatory synaptic plasticity, and consequently learning and memory formation. In agreement with these relevant roles, an important number of neurological disorders are associated with mutations and/or dysfunction of these GTP-ases. Along the present review we discuss the importance of DSPs at synapses and their implication in different neuropathological contexts.

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ENDOCYTIC SYNAPTIC VESICLE RECYCLING, NEUROSECRETION, AMPAR TRAFFICKING, SYNAPTIC PLASTICITY, EXCITATORY SYNAPSES, DENDRITIC SPINES, SYNAPTOPATHIES, DYNAMIN SUPERFAMILY, DYNAMIN GTP-ASE ACTIVITY

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© The Author(s) 2020

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